A healthy 5-week-old girl presents for evaluation of rapidly growing, flat-topped red papules on the left side of her face.
A 24-year-old G2P1001 African American female at 38.2 weeks of gestation was induced for labor for a fetus with prenatally diagnosed intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). She subsequently delivered via normal spontaneous delivery. The infant initially latched well at the breast, was normoglycemic and normothermic, but shortly after birth had had a significant episode of blood-tinged emesis (not deemed to be swallowed maternal blood) and was transferred to the transitional nursery for further evaluation.
A healthy 5-year-old boy with a 6-month history of asymptomatic 2-mm to 3-mm papules on his legs presents for evaluation of a red, slightly itchy rash that just developed on the back of his right knee. What's the diagnosis?
A 6-year-old female with history of previously resolved iron-deficiency anemia presents to the emergency department (ED) for numerous episodes of nonbloody, nonbilious vomiting and diffuse abdominal pain that began on the day of presentation. She had initially presented to her pediatrician who felt a large left-upper-quadrant abdominal mass and referred her to the ED for further evaluation. She has no associated diarrhea or urinary symptoms. What's the diagnosis?
An otherwise healthy 5-month-old girl presents with an asymptomatic, rapidly growing, firm, smooth nodule on the side of her left fifth finger since she was 2 months of age.
A healthy 3-year-old girl presents for evaluation of light brown spots on her trunk and extremities that have appeared over the last 2 years. The spots are not symptomatic but the girl’s parents are worried that she could have neurofibromatosis.
A previously healthy 15-year-old female presents to the emergency department (ED) with complaints of right-sided neck swelling, pain, decreased range of motion, and fever for 3 days. She also reports a sore throat and mouth pain with decreased oral intake. She denies any rhinorrhea, shortness of breath, difficulty swallowing, vomiting, or dental pain. What's the diagnosis?
A 3-year old male presents with 3 days of fever (maximal temperature, 105°F), diffuse abdominal pain, and several episodes of nonbilious, nonbloody emesis and loose nonbilious, nonmucousy stools. On day 3 of illness, he was seen at an urgent care clinic where he was diagnosed with acute otitis media and prescribed amoxicillin and ondansetron. He could not tolerate any oral intake and developed red eyes, abdominal pain, and redness of his hands and feet. Later that same night, he presented to the pediatric emergency department and was admitted to the pediatric ward for management of his fever, abdominal pain, and dehydration.
A 3-month-old boy presents for evaluation of a diffuse asymptomatic rash that began on his scalp and skin creases 6 weeks ago and has spread over his trunk and extremities. This week he has begun to scratch at his neck and abdomen.
An 11-year-old male presents to the emergency department (ED) with complaint of 2 days of focal, crampy, periumbilical abdominal pain associated with anorexia, fever, and 1 episode of emesis. What's the diagnosis?