A 4-year-old girl presents to the emergency department (ED) with a 12-hour history of progressively worsening episodic left lower quadrant (LLQ) abdominal pain and nonbilious emesis. There was no history of fever, diarrhea, hematochezia, constipation, or dysuria. The child was previously healthy, did not take any medications, and had no history of prior surgery.
The parents of a 2-month-old boy return to the office for a well-child visit. The infant has a history of hypotonia and poor head control but is growing normally. His parents noted streaky patterns of hypopigmentation over his trunk and extremities shortly after birth and felt they were likely just “birthmarks.”
An 11-day-old, full-term male presents to the emergency department (ED) with a 2-day history of decreased range of motion of his right upper extremity.
A 16-year-old girl presents to the clinic for acne follow-up and mentions that her palms wrinkle significantly after only a few minutes of immersion in water. She is otherwise well and has no significant past medical history.
A previously healthy 4-year-old male, born late preterm by urgent cesarean delivery with an uncomplicated postnatal course, presents to the outpatient clinic for a chief complaint of worsening cough over the past 5 months. He denies current fever, rhinorrhea, shortness of breath, diarrhea, or vomiting. His cough has been worsening in severity and frequency, and mostly occurs during the daytime.
An 8-year-old boy is brought to the office for evaluation of a persistent itchy rash on his extremities, trunk, and face. Although the rash has been present for longer than 3 months, individual skin lesions change from hour to hour and occasionally the rash clears completely only to recur several hours later. He is otherwise healthy with no known allergies, changes in diet, medication use, or recent illness.
A previously healthy 8-year-old boy presents to the dermatology clinic with a progressively worsening elbow rash over the course of the last week. The rash does not itch. He spent the previous weekend sailing on the Chesapeake Bay. His pediatrician prescribed a course of cephalexin as well as a trial of topical antiviral ointment, neither of which improved the rash. The patient denies any other new exposures.
A 16-year-old male with a history of nephrotic syndrome and gastritis presents to the emergency department (ED) with worsening emesis, diarrhea, and abdominal pain of 3-weeks’ duration.
A 6-day-old, late-preterm male neonate presents to his pediatrician’s office with bilious emesis and is admitted for further evaluation. He was born at 36 weeks and 6 days via spontaneous vaginal delivery to a 23-year-old G4P4 mother with negative serologies, negative antenatal Group B Streptococcus testing, and no significant prenatal events. His stay in the newborn nursery was unremarkable. The neonate is exclusively breastfed, has no history of rectal bleeding, and passed meconium within the first 24 hours.
A 33-year-old female, G3P1011, was transferred from an outside facility at 33 weeks and 6 days gestation for anticipated preterm delivery secondary to preeclampsia. On prenatal ultrasound, her fetus was diagnosed with an omphalocele and delivery was preferred at an institution with a neonatal intensive care unit to manage the infant.