The anxious parents of a previously healthy 19-month-old boy bring the child to the emergency department for evaluation of progressive rash that began 4 months ago. The skin eruption began as small blisters on his knees, which became tense and ruptured, eventually evolving to red-pink scaly plaques. Over the next few months, the boy developed similar lesions on his hands, elbows, neck, perineal area, and face, with sparing of the mucous membranes.
A 26-day-old female neonate, born at 36 weeks of gestation, presents to the clinic with a visible swelling in the right labia majora.
A previously healthy 8-year-old Hispanic boy presented to the emergency department (ED) with a 2-day history of abdominal pain and 2 episodes of nonprojectile vomiting in the last 24 hours.
The anxious parents of a 9-year-old boy bring him to clinic for the evaluation of progressive sores in his mouth for 2 days and a rash that erupted last night. Nine days earlier, he had felt warm and had a cough with wheezing and abdominal pain.
Two siblings, 5-year-old Emmanuel and 3-year-old Cassandra, are brought to your emergency department (ED) in July 2014 by their parents. Both children are up to date on their immunizations and have not had significant medical problems in the past. They were referred to you by their pediatrician for 1 day of high fevers, rash, and pain in the extremities. Emmanuel had 1 episode of gum bleeding last night. His sister has been unwilling to walk since this morning.
A 9-month-old girl is brought to the emergency department for evaluation after 3 days of poor feeding and 1 day of decreased activity. The day prior to presentation, she was no longer crawling or pulling herself to stand. On the morning of evaluation, she is no longer able to lift her head.