Author | Gary L Freed, MD, MPH


How to perform a physical exam of shoulder pain in an athlete

May 08, 2020

Physical exams for shoulder pain in young athletes can be performed in the primary care setting. Here are 6 tests to help diagnose the source of the pain.

How to diagnose shoulder injuries in young athletes

April 14, 2020

Arm pain is a common complaint in young athletes but playing though shoulder pain can have serious consequences. Here is guidance for diagnosing shoulder pain and helping these players get their game on.

Spondylolysis: Underrecognized cause of low back pain

September 01, 2018

When teenaged athletes complain of lumbar back pain that worsens with activity, there should be a high index of suspicion for a spondylolysis.