Text message intervention improves influenza vaccine uptake in pediatric population
Influenza vaccination is especially crucial among children and adolescents with chronic medical conditions that put them at high risk for severe outcomes.
Childhood maltreatment linked with poor course of emotional disorders in adulthood
The prospective cohort study evaluates the role of both subjective and objective experiences.
Study shows the impact of adversity on sleep problems in fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
In this study, investigators focused on children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), who are known to experience significant sleep disturbances.
Targeting adolescent alcohol dependence may prevent depression in young adults
Data corresponding with DSM-IV symptoms were gathered around ages 18, 21, and 23 years and the primary outcome was depression at age 24.
Adolescents mental health-related ED visits notably increased in 2021
The study revealed several concerning trends in the utilization of acute mental health care among youth during the second year of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Screening gaps: Study uncovers alarming rates of iron deficiency in adolescent females
Significant cases of missed diagnoses of iron-deficiency emphasize the need for improved screening strategies and proactive measures to address these health risks.
Indirect airway hyperresponsiveness test shows promise in optimizing asthma treatment for children
A new study highlights the benefits of using the hypertonic saline test to determine the appropriate dose of inhaled corticosteroids for managing asthma in children.
Bacteremia risk low in feverish children and young adults with sickle cell disease
According to investigators, this is among the largest studies describing the risk of bacteremia in young patients with sickle cell disease.
Housing mobility program transforms asthma management in children
Relocation led to a reduction in asthma exacerbations, exceeding the effect of inhaled corticosteroids, and was similar to biologic agents.
Investigators link sexual orientation to increased sleep issues among adolescents
According to the study, gay and bisexual adolescents show higher rates of sleep issues and sleep disturbances.
Analyzing the lived experiences of young people with sickle cell disease
Qualitative findings show children with sickle cell disease have the desire to feel normal and utilize personal strengths to manage their condition.
Evidence highlights the importance of hydroxyurea adherence in children
Results show a high level of adherence to hydroxyurea medication is essential for lowering the incidence of negative clinical outcomes like VOCs and acute chest syndrome in children with sickle cell anemia.
Multimodal genomewide analysis improves diagnosis of severe developmental disorders in children
Investigators identify factors that may affect the probability of diagnosis in an evaluation of over 13,500 families with probands with severe developmental disorders.
The burden of wildfire exposure: intervention implications for CA children
New data quantify the exposure to wildfire particulate matter among schoolchildren in California, finding that interventions in a small number of schools may reduce the overall burden of wildfire PM2.5 exposure.
Gastrointestinal microbiome: A new biomarker for asthma control in children
An investigation utilizing machine learning (Recursive Ensemble Feature Selection, REFS) identifies potential biomarkers for asthma control in pediatric patients.
The impact of mild sleep deprivation on the quality of life in children
As little as 39 minutes less sleep per night for 1 week can have an impact on the quality of life of children.
Mustafa Özçam, PhD: investigating gut microbiome in children with peanut allergy
Data from AAAAI 2023 suggests that gut microbial composition, function, and metabolic activity are implicated in the efficacy of peanut oral immunotherapy in children with peanut allergy.
Text message reminder improves pediatric flu vaccine uptake
Substance use declined in youth despite COVID-19 stressors
A study examining the COVID-19 pandemic finds that substance use declined substantially across nearly all categories in 2018-2019 vs 2020 among youth and young adults.
Establishing accurate case definitions for childhood respiratory and skin conditions
A research letter addresses the challenges of accurately diagnosing asthma, atopic eczema, and allergic rhinitis in children under 5 years old and the use of Read codes and prescription data as diagnostic criteria.
Air pollution in urban areas linked to asthma, inflammatory responses in children
The specific mechanisms involved in associations between air pollution and respiratory illness without viral infection are not understood, especially compared with those of respiratory viruses and asthma exacerbation.
From C-section to childhood asthma: new evidence sheds light on the relationship
The relationship between C-section and childhood asthma has been investigated before, however, previous results have yielded conflicting evidence.
Investigators identify comprehensive research priorities for pediatric dermatology
Pediatric care requires understanding, not only of the disease impact, but also its presentation and management in children.
How can psoriasis, depression impact the brain?
This brain imaging study was the first to look at the position of depression and systemic inflammation in brain measures while including the largest sample of patients with psoriasis to date.
Transgender youth on gender-affirming therapy are less affected by sleep disorders
The burden of sleep disorders is high among the transgender or gender-nonconforming population and this study evaluated the role of gender-affirming therapy on that relationship.
Large-scale data collected from smart bed technology show sleep differences in pediatric groups
New data from the International Pediatric Sleep Association (IPSA) Congress 2022 used smart bed technology that revealed consistent findings to previous studies.
Can intranasal corticosteroids improve obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in children?
A study featured at CHEST 2022 investigated INCS in children with OSAS to determine if the therapy improved their symptoms, polysomnography findings, behavior, and quality of life.
More research needed on juvenile arthritis and exposure to maternal infection
A new study revealed no significant relationship between patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and exposure to maternal infection, however, investigators said that suggestive evidence of differential sex-specific results indicate a need for further study.
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