Gregory F. Hayden, MD

Articles

Concussion in Young Athletes: Heads Up on Diagnosis and Management

April 01, 2011

The increased incidence of sports-related concussion reported nationwide has attracted much media and public attention. Most data about sports-related concussion involve professional, college, and high school level athletes

Risky Business, Part 2: Communicating Medical Risks to Patients and Parents

October 01, 2008

Practicing pediatricians commonlytalk with patients and parentsabout medical risks. Examples of suchrisks include those of a newborn havinga genetic disease, of a complication of anillness developing, and of a patient experiencingan adverse effect from a medicationor vaccine. Different ways of expressingand communicating risk mayhelp patients and parents understand themagnitude of a risk and make informed,thoughtful decisions about their medicalcare. It is important to be aware of theinfluence personal experience and concernshave on how risk is perceived andto recognize how the choice of a particularway of framing a risk may inadvertentlycommunicate a clinician's personalbiases in a situation.

Blaschko Lines:Following "Lines of Evidence" to a Rash Diagnosis

September 01, 2008

Many factors can be considered in attempting to establish the cause of a skin disorder. These include the color, morphology, and location of the lesions; associated symptoms, such as itching and fever; and exposure to drugs or to other children who have a rash. Linearity of the lesions may also suggest the diagnosis.

What the Numbers Suggest - and What They Mean

July 01, 2008

ABSTRACT: Practicing pediatricians make many clinical decisions each day in the courseof patient care. For each decision, risks and benefits must be weighed. It is important,therefore, to be able to understand different measures of increased or decreased risk.It is also important to be able to talk with patients and their parents about risk. Thisreview of various ways of expressing risk is offered with the goal of making it easierfor pediatricians to incorporate measures of risk into clinical decision making.

Cough and Cold Treatments for Children:

March 01, 2008

Despite the plethora ofover-the-counter cough and cold medicationsdesigned to relieve a variety ofsymptoms of the common cold-primarilynasal congestion, rhinorrhea, and cough-no treatment has been shown to have anybeneficial effect in children, and some maycarry a substantial risk of adverse effects.Even routine symptomatic therapies suchas antipyretics and humidified air maybe counterproductive. Parental educationis the best medicine. Parents need tounderstand the duration and expectedsymptoms of the common cold. Advisethem about specific changes in symptoms(eg, rapid or labored breathing) or duration(eg, a cold lasting 10 days or morewithout improvement) that would warranta re-evaluation by their child's physician.Parents also need to be educated aboutthe lack of proven efficacy and the potentialadverse effects of available cold remedies.Saline nose drops and adequate fluidsas well as antipyretics for bothersomefever may provide limited symptomatic relief,but time is still the only known cure.

Green-Colored Stool

October 01, 2007

The parents of a 7-month-old girl brought their daughter for immediate medical attention after she passed bright green-colored stool. For the past 24 hours, the child had mild fussiness and a low-grade fever (temperature, 38.1°C [100.6°F]); she also had vomiting and mild diarrhea, with yellow-colored stools. The mother was advised to begin small, frequent feedings of oral rehydration solution with gradual return to the baby's normal diet, as tolerated. Over the next 12 hours, the vomiting and fussiness decreased and the fever resolved, but the mild diarrhea persisted and stools turned bright green. The parents denied giving the child green-colored drinks or food.