Airway blockages caused by foreign bodies linked to high mortality rate

Article

Airway blockages are associated with high mortality rates, a new study shows.

Although airway and esophageal foreign bodies that block the airway occur relatively infrequently in children, these cases have a surprisingly high mortality rate, according to a study published in the April issue of Archives of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

The study authors assessed data from The Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) 2003, which is part of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project. A total of 2,771 children (0.06% of total KID 2003 admissions) were admitted for an airway or esophageal foreign body that was blocking the airway; 71% of these children were admitted to teaching hospitals. Among admitted patients, 2,502 otolaryngology procedures were performed, primarily bronchoscopy (52%) and esophagoscopy (28%). A total of 94 patients (3.4%) died during hospitalization.

The authors suggested that, with a decreasing incidence of airway and esophageal foreign body cases in children, training of residents and fellows through the active treatment of patients may be a challenge. They stated, "Alternative education measures should be considered to train physicians in the management of this infrequent, potentially lethal condition."

Related Videos
Wendy Ripple, MD
Wendy Ripple, MD
Courtney Nelson, MD
DB-OTO improved hearing to normal in child with profound genetic deafness | Image Credit: © Marija - © Marija - stock.adobe.com.
Carissa Baker-Smith
Perry Roy, MD
Perry Roy, MD | Image Credit: Carolina Attention Specialists
Angela Nash, PhD, APRN, CPNP-PC, PMHS | Image credit: UTHealth Houston
Allison Scott, DNP, CPNP-PC, IBCLC
© 2024 MJH Life Sciences

All rights reserved.