Congenital Hemangiomas: When -- and How -- to Excise (Video: 3:30 minutes)

June 28, 2012

Congenital hemangiomas that grow rapidly or that threaten a vital organ may now be treated with oral propranol or topical timolol. Details here.

Congenital hemangiomas generally undergo spontaneous resolution; 90% disappear by the time a child reaches age 10. However, removal is indicated if these lesions are growing and/or threatening vital organs.

Treatment options include:
. Oral steroids
. Oral propranolol
. Topical timolol 

Kasabach-Merritt syndrome involves the presence of a large congenital hemangioma that destroys platelets and consumes coagulation factors. These lesions appear in the early postpartum period; affected children often have a bleeding diathesis.
Treatment includes:

. Correcting the coagulopathy

. Addressing the tumor (via surgery, embolization, oral propranolol, oral steroids)      

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