Second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs), used alone or with other psychotropic medications, are associated with metabolic disturbances, primarily weight gain and losses in triglyceride and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) values, a retrospective study in 128 youngsters showed. However, the changed values usually were within the normal reference values and often were not recognized.
Treatment regimens that include ondansetron as the antiemetic of choice for children who visit a pediatric emergency department for acute migraine are safe and effective, according to a retrospective review.
The American Academy of Pediatrics’ (American Academy of Pediatrics) newly issued recommendations for supervising the health care of children with Williams syndrome are based on a review of the current literature along with the consensus of physicians and psychologists with expertise in managing this condition, which is caused by a deletion of part of chromosome 7.
When added to existing antiepileptic treatment, fenfluramine hydrochloride significantly reduced the frequency of convulsive seizures in children and young adults with Dravet syndrome and had a dose-response effect, according to a randomized trial in patients in whom seizures had not been completely controlled by their current treatment regimen.
A survey of 552 clinicians showed that fellowship training, resident supervision, years of independent practice, and practice location also influence the likelihood of routinely ordering a CXR in children who present with a first episode of wheezing.
Although the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends routine screening renal bladder ultrasound (RBUS) after a first febrile urinary tract infection (UTI), a comparison of this strategy with routine RBUS after a second UTI found that the AAP approach does not meet cost-effectiveness guidelines.
A study of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels that compared levels in normal-weight and obese middle schoolers found that overall distribution of HbA1c was similar in the 2 groups and that the adult-defined cutoff was seen in 2% of normal-weight youth.
Newborn infants with tongue-tie (ankyloglossia) are more likely to have severe breastfeeding problems than infants without the condition, according to an observational study carried out in Germany in newborn mother-infant pairs.
Children who received virtual reality (VR) education before undergoing chest radiography showed lower levels of stress during the procedure than their peers who did not receive the VR exposure, a randomized trial in 99 children found.
A study in 512 mother-child pairs from 6 major cities in Canada found that exposure to higher levels of fluoride during pregnancy was associated with lowered intelligent quotient (IQ) scores in their children at the age of 3 to 4 years.