Shades of Gray

July 1, 2006
Howard Fischer, MD
Howard Fischer, MD

,
Jeffrey Taub, MD
Jeffrey Taub, MD

Volume 5, Issue 7

Medicine is at least as much art as science. Often things are not clear-cut, but rather appear in shades of gray. We offer the following list of terminology for those who don't mind thinking in terms of black or white.

 

Medicine is at least as much art as science. Often things are not clear-cut, but rather appear in shades of gray. We offer the following list of terminology for those who don't mind thinking in terms of black or white.

 

Black death: Bubonic plague

Black fever: Kala azar

Black beauties: Amphetamines

Black damp: Atmosphere without oxygen (in coal mines)

Black spots film fault: Defect in x-ray caused by dust particles on the film

Blackheads: Comedones

Black lung: Coal worker's pneumoconiosis

Black water fever: Severe malaria

Black vomit: Seen in yellow fever

Blackfan-Diamond disease: Pure red cell aplasia

Blackleg (also black quarter and black spaul): Symptomatic anthrax in cattle and sheep

Black dot ringworm: Tinea capitis

Blackout: Syncope

Black eye: Periorbital ecchymosis

Black heel: Petechial hemorrhages in heels of athletes

Black liver jaundice syndrome: Dubin-Johnson syndrome

Black light: Ultraviolet long-wave light

Black hairy tongue: Benign hyperplasia of filiform papillae

Black measles: Hemorrhagic measles

Black piedra: Tropical disease of hair shafts

Blacklocks syndrome: Variant of tyrosinase plus albinism

Blackfat tobacco: Tobacco mixed with Vaseline and smoked, producing progressive pulmonary fibrosis (in Guyana)

Black fly fever: Condition produced by black fly bite in children mainly in rural northeastern United States

Black blood disease: Congenital methemoglobinemia

Black baby syndrome: Fetal PCB syndrome

Black thyroid syndrome: Discoloration of thyroid from minocycline use

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


White plague: Tuberculosis

White liver: Steatosis of liver

White atrophy: Atrophy of epidermis

White thrombus: Thrombus composed of white blood cells

White spots film fault: Defect in x-ray caused by air bubbles in developer

Whiteheads: Comedones

White dermographism: Skin finding in atopic dermatitis

White damp: Carbon monoxide (in coal mines)

White leg: Milk leg, phlegmasia alba dolens

Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome: Ventricular pre-excitation syndrome

White line of scurvy: Dense zone of provisional calcification at metaphyseal ends of bone

Marshall-White syndrome: Ischemic angiospastic spots on the palms associated with insomnia and tachycardia

White's disease: Keratosis follicularis (Darier disease)

Bland-White-Garland syndrome: Anomalous origin of left coronary artery

White spot disease: Lichen sclerosus et atrophicus

White sponge nevus: Cannon nevus of oral or nasal mucosa

White pox: Variola minor

White gangrene: Gangrene from local anemia

White piedra: Disease of hair shafts (temperate and tropical climates)

White bodies: Platelet emboli in retinal vessels after a transient ischemic attack

White femoral shortening procedure

White sliding heel cord lengthening procedure

White infarct: Fibrin deposition on placenta

Samman-White syndrome: Yellow nail syndrome

White clot: Heparin-associated thrombocytopenia and thrombosis

White Dragon Pearl syndrome: A female pattern of drug dependence named after attractive and well-educated Hong Kong women who became addicted as a result of contact with wealthy men in the illegal drug trade

White liver disease: Reye syndrome

White finger syndrome: Occupational Raynaud disease