Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may affect a significant number of children in a pediatric practice. This article reviews diagnostic criteria, comorbidities, and complications of ADHD as well as pitfalls that confront the treating pediatrician.
Attention Deficit Disorders
Children of women who smoke during pregnancy are more likely to have attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) than children of nonsmoking mothers, according to the first study to investigate the association between smoking and ADHD based on nicotine serum biomarker levels rather than self-reported smoking. Further, the investigation found that as the amount of smoking increases, so does the likelihood of ADHD.